Trans-arterial Radio Embolisation (TARE) is a treatment that is offered to patients with liver cancer or Hepato Cellular Carcinoma (HCC). TARE is a minimally invasive treatment that involves the use of a Transcatheter intra-arterial procedure that is generally performed by a trained interventional radiologist at Max Hospital, India.The side effects of TARE are least among patients, and therefore, this process is used and preferred by the doctors. TARE allows the doctors to thread the catheter through tiny incisions that are made in the upper thigh region of the patient through the arteries that provide entry of the catheter directly to the liver. This method targets only the tumors and reduces the risk of affecting the normal, healthy cells of the liver.
Symptoms There are many scenarios or symptoms which one may need to know before undergoing TARE are as follows
- Most of the patients who are affected by Gastro Intestinal cancers require TARE treatment.
- Most of the patients with liver cancer or HCC as their primary cancer are provided with TARE treatment.
- The number of patients being affected by Hepatitis B and C has been on the rise, which in turn has made HCC more common at present. This has also increased the number of TARE procedures to be conducted on such patients.
- Patients who are suffering from pancreatic cancer can also lead to HCC.
- Patients who have colorectal cancer can also be affected by HCC.
Medical Tests and Diagnosis HCC is one of the most frequently analyzed cancers among patients all over the world.Some of the reasons for the increase of this disease are due to the rise in drug abuse, non-alcoholic Steatohepatitis, infection of Hepatitis B and C, autoimmune hepatitis, NASH, and Cirrhosis. Patients who are to be treated with TARE have to undergo:
- Assessment of the disease burden
- The biochemical profile of the patient is created
- Medical history and physical examination of the patient is conducted
- ECOG performance assessment is made of the patient
- MRI or CT scan is taken of the patient
- Clinical laboratory tests are done on patient's blood samples
- Arteriography of the patient and MAA is carried out
- Angiographic evaluation of the patient is also carried out
Pre-Surgery Precautions and Post-Surgery Recovery Before the surgery, the doctor informs the patient with all the risks involved during & post-surgery.The doctor provides medications and complete rest while advising patients to switch to a healthy lifestyle post-surgery. Many directives and regular checkups have to be attended by the patient, where the doctor will check the condition of the patient regularly.