LVAD (Left Ventricular Assist Device) is one of the advanced medical technologies used at Max Hospital, India which is used for the patient of end-stage heart failure. It is a type of pump which is generally known as Ventricular Assist Device (VAD) as it helps to pump blood instead of putting pressure on the heart to do it. As the left ventricle of the heart is responsible for pumping blood to the rest of the human body, therefore the LVAD is used to ease the discomfort of end-stage heart patients who have no other option other than going for heart transplant surgery.
LVAD helps the patient awaiting heart transplants to live until their turn for operation arrives. It also supports heart patients who are not awaiting heart transplants but have problems in pumping blood through their left ventricle to prolong their lives and receive long term treatment of their heart using LVAD.
Symptoms to Undergo LVAD
There are many scenarios or symptoms one may need to know before undergoing LVAD surgery which is given below:
- For patients who are awaiting a heart transplant till a donor's heart becomes available, LVAD can help them to sustain life until they receive the donor's heart. It can help the diseased heart to keep pumping blood
- LVAD can also be provided to patients who are not eligible for a heart transplant due to age or other factors. It also helps in improving the working of the other organs of a patient.
- It is also provided to patients who have had critical heart surgery and need to recover. It is implanted for a short period until the patient recovers from their surgery completely
- A VAD is also an option in complete heart failure where both the left and right ventricle is replaced by LVAD and RVAD (Right Ventricular Assist Device). Patients whose symptoms are critical and who can not receive a heart transplant immediately are suggested with such a procedure.
Medical tests or Diagnosis
There are two kinds of situations where the LVAD is chosen as an option by doctors after medical tests and diagnosis.
- Destination Therapy: these patients are not candidates for heart transplants, but they need long term heart disease-related treatment. Therefore they are suggested LVAD after diagnosis to improve their medical conditions.
- Bridge-to-Transplant therapy: LVAD treatment is provided to heart transplant patients who are awaiting transplant, but their heart is in critical condition.
Preparations and Post-Surgery Recovery
Before the surgery, the doctor informs the patient of every risk involved during & post-surgery.
The doctor will provide medications to the patient post-surgery, which they have to take throughout their life. Many directives and regular checkups have to be attended by the patient, where the doctor will check the condition of the VAD regularly.