Max Institute of Neurosciences
Max Institute of Neurosciences, is one of the top medical institutes in India offering super-specialty neurological and neurosurgical care for a range of neurological disorders. Treatments for neurological diseases such as brain tumors, spinal tumors, degenerative spinal disorders, and congenital anomalies in the brain as well as spine are offered at Max Hospitals in India.
Types of Neurological Diseases Neurological diseases or disorders are related to the central as well as the peripheral nervous system. This involves the brain, spinal cord, cranial nerves, peripheral nerves, autonomic nervous system, nerve roots, neuromuscular junction, and the muscles. Some of the critical neurological disorders include neuromuscular disorder, brain tumor, stroke, epilepsy, Alzheimer disease, and other dementias, Parkinson's disease, migraine, and other headache, multiple sclerosis, neuro infections, disorders due to head trauma, and other neurological disorders due to malnutrition.
- Neuromuscular Disorder – It is a broad term that includes several ailments and disorders that affect the functioning of the muscles. These may directly involve the muscles or indirectly by involving the nerves or the neuromuscular junction (the meeting point of the motor nerves as well as muscle fiber). Some of the common symptoms of neuromuscular diseases are numbness, painful sensation, weakening of the muscle, muscle atrophy, or twitching (fasciculation).
- Brain tumor – A brain tumor is an abnormal growth of cells within the brain or the skull vault. Brain tumors include all tumors inside the cranium. They are created by an abnormal as well as uncontrolled cell division, usually in the brain itself, or also sometimes in lymphatic tissue, in blood vessels, in the brain envelopes (meninges), skull, pituitary gland, or pineal gland and from congenital vest cells. Brain tumors are usually classified depending on the location of the tumor, the type of tissue involved, whether they are noncancerous (benign) or cancerous (malignant), and some other factors.
- Stroke – This refers to rapid and sudden damage to the brain. It is also known as a brain attack or paralytic attack. Stroke is the third leading cause of death after coronary heart disease and cancer. Stroke can cause a lot of symptoms, like weakness, slurred speech, etc. Most of the strokes are painless.
- Epilepsy - Epilepsy is a common and diverse set of chronic neurological disorders characterized by recurrent and unprovoked seizures due to alterations in structure/brain function. The symptoms of epilepsy vary from person to person. The most common signs are staring spells, loss of alertness, muscle spasnus and fainting
- Parkinsons - It is a disorder of the central nervous system that affects the movement of the brain. Its symptoms include muscle rigidity, tremors, and changes in speech and gait. In this disorder, patients might have difficulty walking and talking.
- Multiple Sclerosis - It is a potentially disabling disease of the brain and spinal cord. This can permanently or partially damage the nerves. Numbness, electric-shock sensations, tremors are some of the early symptoms of this disease.
- Migraine - It is a powerful headache that is often accompanied with nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity of light. If a person regularly has signs and symptoms of migraine, then they must make an appointment at the earliest.
- Spinal diseases - It is a condition of impairment of the backbone, and it includes cervical spine disease. This is majorly observed in older people as compared to youngsters due to the function of aging. Herniated disc, spinal stenosis, spondylosis and degenerative disc disease are types of spinal diseases.
Diagnosis Some of the most frequently used diagnostic approaches for neurological disorders are mentioned below:
Intra Operative MRI:
- Carotid Ultrasound
- Cerebral Angiography or Carotid Angiogram
- CT or Computed Tomography scan
- Doppler Ultrasound
- EEG or Electroencephalogram
- EMG or Electromyography
- Lumbar Puncture
- MRI or Magnetic Resonance Imaging
- MRV or Magnetic Resonance Venogram
- Nerve Conduction Study
- PET or Positron Emission Tomography scan
- SSER or Somatosensory Evoked Response test
Neuro surgeon at Max Super speciality Hospital Saket use Intra Operative MRI to create the images of the brain during surgery and to get an accurate picture of the brain to identify any abnormalities and tumors during operation.Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery: It is to stabilize the vertebral bones and spinal joints and relieve the pressure being applied to the normal nerves. This process requires faster, safer, and lesser time as compared to any other method.