Heart failure is a condition is which the heart is unable to pump the blood for meeting the needs of the body. This term does not necessarily indicate that the heart will stop working or has stopped; instead, it is one of the severe conditions that demand medical care. This failure of the heart develops over some time as the pumping action of the heart grows weaker. At Max Hospitals, India, we introduced Advanced Heart Failure Clinic with the aim to identify potential candidates for heart transplant and ventricular assist device (VAD).
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA or triple A) refers to an enlargement of the aorta, which is the largest blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the body, near the abdomen area. A ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm can cause life-threatening bleeding and is critical. If a doctor suspects that the patient has an aortic aneurysm and specialized tests like Abdominal Ultrasound, Computerized Tomography Scan and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) can confirm it.
The severe obstruction in the arteries that reduces the flow of blood to the legs, feet, and hands markedly, and progresses to the point that causes severe pain alongside sores and skin ulcers, is known as Critical Limb Ischemia (CLI) and is an advanced stage of PAD (peripheral artery disease). It is a result of the progressive thickening of the lining of arteries caused by plaque buildup, called atherosclerosis. Timely evaluation by a Cardio Vascular Surgeon is important because if this condition is not treated timely, the surgeon might have to amputate the limb.
The problem associated with the rhythm or rate of your heartbeat is called Arrhythmia. Arrhythmia means an abnormal heart rhythm. When it hits too quickly, then the condition is tachycardia, while when it beats slowly, it is called bradycardia. This abnormal movement is often potent enough to cut off blood flow to vital organs. At Max Hospital, India, we have a team of the best cardiologists and electrophysiologists, who specialize in treating arrhythmia with anti-arrhythmics, Automated External Defibrillator, Calcium Channel Blockers, Cardioversion and Catheter Ablation.
When one or more heart valves – mitral, aortic, pulmonary or tricuspid, fail to work correctly, then the condition is called Heart Valve Disease. Some of the warning signs associated with Heart Valve Disease are an irregular heartbeat, fatigue, heart murmuring or the abnormal sound of the heart that only a doctor can hear with the stethoscope, and swelling of the feet or ankles. While early disease can be managed medically, proper surgical intervention in form of valve replacement must be done in time for maximum benefit.
When there is a problem with the heart’s structure, and this is a condition that exists since birth, it is called the Congenital Heart disease. Imperfections may include heart valves, veins, and arteries near the child’s heart and heart’s walls. Operating on a tiny organ with correspondingly small vessels requires highly specialized training, skills as well as experience. At Max Hospitals, India, we have a dedicated pediatric heart surgery team consisting of an experienced heart surgeon, cardiologist, nurses and intensivists specializing in dealing with congenital heart problems.
A ventricular septal defect (VSD), a hole in the heart, is a common heart defect that's present at birth (congenital). The hole (defect) occurs in the wall (septum) that separates the heart's lower chambers (ventricles) and allows blood to pass from the left to the right side of the heart. The oxygen-rich blood then gets pumped back to the lungs instead of out to the body, causing the heart to work harder. At Max Hospitals, India, we have a dedicated team of paediatric cardiac surgeons, paediatric cardiologists, paediatric cardiac anaesthetists and intensivist, and provide surgical as well as non-surgical treatment with excellent results.
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